Let me share a secret with you.🌹
There are 10 steps you need to take that can make any piece of your writing successful.
If you follow them, you will deliver your message more successfully and efficiently. And it will read well.
Why is it important at all? Who cares if it reads well?
You should. Because your text will be read by someone and corrected by an examiner if you are taking one.
Remember about a person who is going to read what you write. Try to make their life easier and make your writing easy to follow.
10 steps to follow if you want your writing to flow
Start by planning. If it is an exam, follow the instructions closely.
You can plan everything: arguments, examples, linking words, grammar, vocabulary.
You can plan by listing your ideas, arguments, or making a mind map.
Divide the ideas and arguments into paragraphs that will appear in your piece of writing.
If you want to know why and how to plan read more.
2. BRAINSTORM for IDEAS
It is important to have good arguments that are logically connected to the topic, and which you are able to develop with examples, data, explanation, details.
Don’t use arguments which are difficult to explain or are not closely connected to the topic.
If you have trouble coming up with good arguments, brainstorm for associations first. Think of 10 things that instantly come to your mind when you think of a topic.
Let’s say the topic is: WORKAHOLISM, words that you might come up with are, for example: work, health, addiction, death, unemployment, family, money, time, culture, job market. Now, you can use these words to come up with arguments and ideas.
3. START WITH A TOPIC SENTENCE
When you have organised your ideas into paragraphs, remember to include a topic sentence in every paragraph. This sentence should summarise and introduce the idea of the paragraph. In this way, your thoughts will be organised and easy to follow by the reader. They will not have to remember what you have said earlier or guess your assumptions. It will make your text flow.
4. DEVELOP YOUR IDEAS
Develop each idea that appears in your text for the first time. No new idea can be left unexplained, unexemplified or undeveloped. This will make your text clear, because every time time you say something you will let your readers know why you say it, or how it is connected with the topic.
This will allow you to focus on details and avoid generalisations. You will be able to concentrate on few ideas and you will not need to introduce more. In this way, you will avoid too many new ideas, which might make your text too long, wordy, verbose or waffly. And you want to avoid it. Read more on paragraph writing, if you want to learn about topic sentences and idea development.
Sequence your ideas. Make friends with such words as firstly, secondly, finally. They will add structure to your text and enable you to organise your thoughts. It will be easier for the reader to follow and remember your earlier ideas. By using sequencing words, you will be able to signpost the changes in your text. It will allow you to avoid chaos.
firstly, secondly, thirdly/finally
first, next, last
in the beginning, then, in the end
first of all, also, lastly
6. BE LOGICAL
Show the connection between different ideas in the text. If you want to avoid chaos, it is necessary to explain what the link is between different thoughts. They can be connected by: contrast, consequence, result, addition, example, clarification, cause, effect, justification. You may easily show it by using linking words and functions.
LINKING WORDS AND FUNCTIONS
To add more ideas: again, furthermore, in addition, moreover, additionally, also;
To compare or contrast ideas: alternatively, contrastingly, conversely, whereas, on the other hand;
To prove something: evidently, for this reason, because, inevitably;
To show exceptions: however, nevertheless, yet, in spite of;
To repeat or refer back to something: as has been mentioned/noted…/As previously discussed…;
To emphasise something: definitely, obviously, inevitably, undeniably;
To give an example: for instance, in this case, in particular, notably, namely;
To show the order of things: previously, following this, initially, subsequently, finally.